The jobs of the future 3
In the UK, companies like Google and Microsoft advocates the introduction of programming in schools. “It is necessary to provide our children with the skills necessary to understand computers if they want to compete for jobs in the future,” said Alex Hope, co-author of the report Next Gen, which offers several arguments in favor of introducing programming in schools.
An example of “future work” is provided by Apple and devices that the American company has marketed the past 5 years: iPhone and iPad. Since its launch, the general public has developed over one million applications running on these devices, giving rise to the phenomenon called “the app economy”. A recent report estimated that “The App Economy” – activity associated application development for iPhone and iPad – has created 466,000 jobs in the US. In 2007, when the iPhone was launched, the number of jobs within “The App Economy” was zero.
As the world becomes more connected, and the devices becoming smarter, post-industrial economy will provide more and more opportunities. An evolving field is the “data mining community,” the huge amount of data generated by electronic devices becoming more widespread is managed and interpreted with the help of statisticians, specialists in computer science and scientists. For this reason, many experts have called the current decade as was “Big Data”. Those who have the necessary skills will thrive, but for those who refuse to adapt to changing uncertain future promises. Brian David Johnson, futurist Intel offers concludes: “Do not let the future happen to you. Move! “.
Robots that come into our bodies
A team of researchers from Italy working to create a single robotic system that will have the ability to perform non-invasive surgery.
“The robot enters the patient’s body through the umbilicus. First is inserted capsule which are subsequently introduced two robotic arms. Once in the patient, the robot will be controlled by surgeons, “said Gianluigi Petroni, one of the engineers of the Institute of BioRobot SSSA.
To assist the surgeon, the robot transmits 3D images inside the patient. Thus, it can be made non-invasive surgery delicate and difficult to reach parts of the body without creating visible scars.
Now, scientists hope that, before long, the robot is ready for commercialization. However, to reach that point, scientists must find a method to sterilize the motor unit. Moreover, you will need to find a solution by which construction machine cost less. “Reducing the robot will require smaller engines that will use less energy. On the other hand, we need the machine to have some power to move within the patient. Solving this problem will be a huge challenge, “added Petroni.
However, researchers in Europe are not satisfied with robots assisting surgeons. They are robots that can perform surgery independently.
In a laboratory in Verona, a group of researchers believes that intelligent robots may be able to take some medical interventions such as biopsies, and suturing incisions. An example is a robotic arm, created by the experts of the University of Verona, which has the ability to make punctures in the patient’s abdomen in order to identify the existence of kidney tumors.
In addition to information obtained from surgeons, specialists and use computer simulations in order to create programs that robots “learn” to perform surgery.
“A surgeon, a man can not always have the same perception or the same accuracy as a surgical system equipped with sensors. Therefore, an autonomous robot could. Finally, the execution of surgical techniques while gathering accurate data, “said Paolo Fiorini, project coordinator at the University of Verona.