Race Patent and extraordinary investment in graphene
Great potential of graphene has stimulated governments and organizations around the world to invest significant amounts in research on this material, the desire not to miss “graphene revolution”. Professor Andre Geim estimated that there are annually spending more than a billion dollars in the research of material miracle. The discovery of graphene has led to a veritable “patent race” carried by companies, universities and other research institutions. An analysis done by the organization CambridgeIP shows that out of 7,351 patent applications related to graphene recorded during 2012, 2,204 patents came from China, USA 1754 and 1160 in South Korea. Among the companies with the most patents include Samsung, with 407, and IBM, with 134 However, Europe continues to play a key role in the development of graphene. “Europe has not been as aggressive in the U.S., but here are its most important research in the field,” said Luigi Colombo, an expert in graphene, the Financial Times.
UK wants to be the center of research on graphene, which is why the island government has decided to spend 61 million pounds to create “National Graphene Institute”, a national research center to be opened in Manchester in 2015 the University Manchester announces that it intends that this institute to be “the world leader in research on graphene”. Neither Cambridge University was simply outdone, announcing it would open Cambridge Graphene Centre, they will be invested 30 million pounds.
Recently, the European Union has announced plans to fund a billion euros a project dedicated to graphene and its potential uses to be co-ordinated by Professor Jari Kinaret Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden. “You see this huge fund as a way to encourage companies to be more involved in the efforts of European universities,” says Andre Geim.
European Commission Vice President Neelie Kroes, said that “the story of graphene shows that there are still amazing things in science. The discovery of this material was like a miracle. “”From the material found with a pen tip and an adhesive tape today graphene is about to give birth to a new industry,” said Kroes.
Kroes believes that this material will play a tremendous role in the development of the European continent in the coming decades. Therefore, the European official has released a comparison with the famous Silicon Valley (“Valley of Si”), California region in which it operates many successful companies in technology (including Apple, Facebook or Google). “You’ve heard of Silicon Valley? Europe wants to be known as the “Graphene Valley ‘” Kroes said at the announcement made by European officials about investments in research on graphene. Researchers expect in future graphene replace silicon in many areas.
Nokia is one of the 74 European companies that form the Graphene Flagship Consortium, which will go towards funding of 1 billion euro provided by the European Union. The Finnish company working projects include a phone easier and extremely durable, not hot. Jani Kivioja, one of the researchers from Nokia Research Center, explains the widespread enthusiasm for this extraordinary material: “I started working with graphene in 2006 and since then we have identified several areas where we could use. However, I think the most important discoveries have not yet occurred. We have reached a critical threshold, but graphene revolution starts now. Industrial Revolution took place after I learned to produce low-cost iron. Then we had was silicon. Now the graphene “.
Professor Geim tempers high expectations that people have from graphene, saying “usually requires a period of approximately 40 years after the discovery of a new material to its use in products for the general public. Think of polymers: it took something from their discovery until the plastic has become ubiquitous in our lives. “One thing seems certain: Graphene will play a tremendous role in the technological development that will characterize the XXIst century, revolutionizing the most important areas.